敌挡基督的救赎论离你不远

敌挡基督的救赎论离你不远

~田哞 2017-4-20

首先,任何对十字架的解读,对十字架救赎的理解,只要不是四福音书作者所明显宣示的,都是缺乏根据的空中楼阁,没有根据的上层建筑。那些缺乏根据的理解,会阻挡人认识基督十字架的初衷。原因显而易见,耶稣的被钉,就是记录在四福音书里面的。

对于十字架的意义,就我们这些被宗教改革思想影响的人,根本无法从新约圣经里印证我们先入为主的观念。尤其是四福音书,和我们的救赎观念更是风马牛不相及。

阅读四福音书的艺术,相当重要的一点是,要跟着作者讲故事的思路,听他们描述新生王弥赛亚的使命之旅。

 

我在阅读四福音书时,所能看到的,作者要宣示的十字架的意义如下:

基督弥赛亚,作为上帝完整的真相,走上了十字架之路,作为他弥赛亚使命的最高峰。在十字架上,他被标签为“犹太人的王”。换句话说,在上帝的真实本质里,在上帝对尊严的理解里,他并不排斥自己被钉十字架、被视为失败者、奴隶、败寇。弥赛亚的启示上帝本质的使命,是要解放人们,脱离他们对上帝的构想、对权威的构想、对世界体系、对尊荣、对人际关系的构想。

 

基督被钉十字架,带来了弥赛亚的国度,里面充满了被救赎的心思。Repentance悔改的原意正是:该换心思。就像电影Matrix里的Neo那样该换心思。

 

哥林多信徒曾经比较过信仰领袖的能力和尊荣,保罗为此责备过他们,认为他们违反了十字架的本意。以下是保罗的话:

哥林多前书 1:18 因为十字架的道理,在那灭亡的人为愚拙,在我们得救的人却为神的大能。 19 就如经上所记:“我要灭绝智慧人的智慧,废弃聪明人的聪明。” 20 智慧人在哪里?文士在哪里?这世上的辩士在哪里?神岂不是叫这世上的智慧变成愚拙吗? 21 世人凭自己的智慧既不认识神,神就乐意用人所当做愚拙的道理,拯救那些信的人,这就是神的智慧了。 22 犹太人是要神迹,希腊人是求智慧, 23 我们却是传钉十字架的基督——在犹太人为绊脚石,在外邦人为愚拙

2:6 然而,在完全的人中,我们也讲智慧,但不是这世上的智慧,也不是这世上有权有位将要败亡之人的智慧。 我们讲的,乃是从前所隐藏、神奥秘的智慧,就是神在万世以前预定使我们得荣耀的。 这智慧,世上有权有位的人没有一个知道的,他们若知道,就不把荣耀的主钉在十字架上了。 如经上所记:“神为爱他的人所预备的,是眼睛未曾看见,耳朵未曾听见,人心也未曾想到的。” 10 只有神借着圣灵向我们显明了。因为圣灵参透万事,就是神深奥的事也参透了。 11 除了在人里头的灵,谁知道人的事?像这样,除了神的灵,也没有人知道神的事。

 

罗马书8章有以下的经文,在整段里保罗在说同一件事,请不要把保罗看成前言不对后语,把它弄成在说几样不同的事情:

NIV 8:1  Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus,because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit who gives life has set you[a] free from the law of sin and death. For what the law was powerless to do because it was weakened by the flesh,[b] God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh to be a sin offering.[c] And so he condemned sin in the flesh, in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fully met in us, who do not live according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.  

Those who live according to the flesh have their minds set on what the flesh desires; but those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires. The mind governed by the flesh is death, but the mind governed by the Spirit is life and peace. The mind governed by the flesh is hostile to God; it does not submit to God’s law, nor can it do so. Those who are in the realm of the flesh cannot please God.

下面是中文版,红色字是我的解释,你可以用语源来印证。语源不同于字根,是指该片语在作者当时候的用法和含义。

8:1  如今,那些在基督耶稣里的就不定罪了(不再被看成不对) 因为赐生命圣灵的律(思维规律)在基督耶稣里释放了我,使我脱离罪和死的律了。 律法既因肉体软弱,有所不能行的,神就差遣自己的儿子成为罪身的形状(错误思维的肉身面貌),做了赎罪祭,在肉体中定了罪案(否定了错误的思维) 使律法的义成就在我们这不随从肉体、只随从圣灵的人身上。(圣灵就是基督的灵,让人想起基督的样式、他有上头来的上帝思维)

因为随从肉体的人,体贴肉体的事;随从圣灵的人,体贴圣灵的事。 体贴肉体的就是死,体贴圣灵的乃是生命、平安。 原来体贴肉体的就是与神为仇,因为不服神的律法,也是不能服; 而且属肉体的人不能得神的喜欢。

 

《完》

我原来的草稿如下:

An understanding of the crucifixion salvation that was not explicitly pronounced in the 4 gospels, would be a theological construct in the sky.

On the meaning of the Cross, those of us influenced by Reformation theologies just don’t find our presumptions in the new testament texts, especially the 4 Gospels.  The art of reading the 4 gospels has a lot to do with following the storylines of the messianic mission of the new born King.

Here is what I see as the obvious meaning of the Cross as explained in the 4 Gospels:

The meaning is, Christ being the exact presentation of God, the Messiah, went to the cross as the climax of his messianic mission. He was labeled King of the Jews on the cross. When God in his own true nature, in his true understanding of royal dignity, He had no problem with being nailed on the cross, being deemed as the loser, the slave, the conquered. This messianic revelation of God’s nature, should serve to liberate people in bondage of their understanding of God, authorities, world, honors, relationships.

Christ on the cross, had brought forth a messianic kingdom of redeemed minds. Repentance, change of mind. Kind of like Neo in the Matrix.